Article Out Loud – The Nexus Between Drug and Human Trafficking

Full article by Richard Schoeberl, Jeff Bolettieri, and Bill Loucks, an Article Out Loud from Domestic Preparedness, June 5, 2024. 

In this feature article, three professionals with extensive law enforcement experience describe how transnational criminal organizations are using their experience in drug trafficking to utilize routes and operating procedures to take advantage of other criminal opportunities, such as human trafficking. 

Listen to expert insights on the collaborative and multifaceted steps needed to address this nexus between drug and human trafficking. 

Listen on

Richard Schoeberl

Richard Schoeberl, Ph.D., has over 30 years of law enforcement experience, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC). He has served in a variety of positions throughout his career, ranging from a supervisory special agent at the FBI’s headquarters in Washington, DC, to unit chief of the International Terrorism Operations Section at the NCTC’s headquarters in Langley, Virginia. Before these organizations, he worked as a special agent investigating violent crime, human trafficking, international terrorism, and organized crime. Additionally, he has authorednumerousscholarly articles, serves as a peer mentor with the Police Executive Research Forum, is currently a professor of Criminology and Homeland Security at the University of Tennessee-Southern, and works with Hope for Justice – a global nonprofit combating human trafficking. 

Jeff Bollettieri

JeffBolettieriis a27-year veteran with the Suffolk County Sheriffs Office, New York, where he spent12years assigned to the Special Investigations Unit, and11years assigned as aninvestigator Sergeant with theSpecial Investigations Unit. Additionally, Jeff spent16years assigned to the Drug Enforcement Administration New York Drug Enforcement Task Force. Eleven of those years,he was assigned as theexecutiveofficer supervising task force personnel and overseeing cases. Jeff currently serves as an investigator/instructor for Hope for Justice, an international non-profit organization combating human trafficking. Jeffis responsible forspecialized training to includeOrganized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Forces human trafficking training and working in Hope for Justice’s Investigative model across the U.S.  

Bill Loucks

WilliamBillLoucks Jr.has over 20 years of law enforcement experience,themajority working as a gang and narcotics detective with the Metro Nashville Police Department. FollowingMetro Nashville Police Department, Bill served as an instructor for the North Carolina Department of Justice-Justice Academy,where he instructed gang and narcotics-related courses. Bill is also a NorthCarolinaGeneral Instructor, NorthCarolinaSpecialized Explosives and Hazardous Materials Instructor, and TennesseeSpecialized Police Instructor Certified for gangs. Bill is currently aseniorinvestigator with Hope for Justice, where he conducts human trafficking investigations and serves as an instructor for law enforcement agencies. He is also a staff member of the International Narcotics Interdiction Association. 



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